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Victorian Age

Victorian Age

 QUEEN VICTORIA'S REIGN
Queen Victoria became queen at the age of 18 and reigned for 63 years, from 1837 to 1901. In 1840
she married her co

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Victorian Age

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Aurora Sabattini

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Victorian Age, Charles Dickens and Oliver Twist

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QUEEN VICTORIA'S REIGN Queen Victoria became queen at the age of 18 and reigned for 63 years, from 1837 to 1901. In 1840 she married her cousins, Prince Albert that influenced her with Whing simpaties (conservator). Some critics believe that the victorian age start in 1832 whit the Reform Act or Bill that is an act of Parliament in which the Parliament has given more power to the House of Commons and had taken to the House of Lords. Rotten boroughs: periferies inabitates because people are moved in the city to research a job. The main reasons: rapid industrial growth and the impoverishment of people in the countryside (rotten boroughs), that oblige people to move in search of work. In the urban landscape where there are a lot of factories, the workers lived in conditions of poverty; on the other hand in the central areas the wealth accumulated by the middle class. demographic development. Then the commonwealth, more of English and Welsh population increase while many Irish people died of a Great Famine. The great famine or hunger was a disease which affected the potato crop so ther'isnt food and it is because of bad governance that a 1 million people died of hunger. The machines were the symbol of industry and economic development, the...

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machine inside factories raising productivity, and chance the practices. The train was the machine that struck the imagination of the Victorian era. The period under Victorian government was a controversial period. (with contraddiction) England became the richest and most powerful country in the world, seen as progressive and modern by the rest of the world (until 1GM->USA) On the other hand child labour, prostitution and crime were widespread: Children work 14-16 hours a day The working masses lived in SLUMS with no running water, sewers, where mortality rate was still very high Where children were exploited in factories, mines and chimney sweepers, whereas orphaned children lived in WORKHOUSES because in 1834, with the POOR LAW ACT, children are turned away from the street to try save them, but actually the people bring the child in the workhouses. That was a charitable institution in which the children were separated from the rest of their families (if they had any) and they had to work for a long time and were given very little food in return). Women were considered the "ANGELS IN THE HOUSE" (they had to stay at home and care for their husbands and their children) [-> conservator]. But, at the same time, rose "THE SUFFRAGETTE MOVEMENT" that was the first feminist movement. The most important valve became RESPECTABILITY whereas Victorian society was characterized by a DUALITY, which is represented in most work of the time. In 1846 there was the abolition of the CORN LAW, a protectionist legislation which imposed heavy taxation on imported goods, thus favouring the great landowners. CHARTIST MOVEMENT: it was formed in 1838, it took its name for the People' Charter which requested his abolition of property righs (eligible even without a propriety) universal suffrage for all men over 21 years old a secret ballot a salary for the House of Commons (members of parliament) annual general elections The movement disbanded in 1848, but some years later, in 1871, the working class found a gradual representation through the TRADE UNIONS which in 1893 culminated in the foundation of the INDIPENDENT LABOUR PARTY. The traditional parties changed name: The TORIES became the CONSERVATIVE PARTY whereas The WHIGS became the LIBERAL PARTY The IRISH QUESTIONS consist in the request by the Irish to be indipendent from Great Britain. This is why IRA was born, which support the "Sinn Féin”, an Irish nationalist party with terrorist methods. AGE OF NOVEL The cost of books, made it impossible for the lower classes to buy them. The libraries were only for middle classes. Charles Dickens was the first to publicate his novel in INSTALMENTS in the newspaper, for the poor people. The advantanges in both the actors and the pubblic. On the one and, reading novel became accessible to a wider public since the cost of newspaper was lower than that of books. On the other hand this practice create the meccanism of suspense and, once the novel became popular, the autors could public the book in a format more cheeper. The fight against literacy was the perfect opportunity to transform the society and encourage reading. The NOVEL was the genre of Victorian age, and that analysed and criticised reality. The novel became a means by which it was possible to escape from a reality. Social novel: this type of novel criticism the government, abuse of workers and the working conditions of the poorest; to promote the change. Fantastic novel: It was a preview to psychoanalysis, a representation of the crisis, morality and immorality, good and evil. Imperialist novel: This type of novel narrating and celebrating the imperial greatness and a civilising role of Great Britain. Woman writers: the main focuses of the feminist woman was the woman desire of the social, if he main the woman can be considered the "angels in the house", as a consequence they didn't have any political and social rights. Some woman began to write novels even though, mail pseudonyms. In fact, the protagonist became the woman themself, endowed with a psychological and intimate insight. So victorian realism could not avoid the woman's rule in the world. Many woman authors had to hide their female identity and in these novels they represent the desire for social and sexual emancipation. For example Mary Wollstonecraft that was the Mary Shelley's mother. CHARLES DICKENS Was born in Portsmouth in 1812, in a middle class family. At the age of 12, he was forced to leave school and work in a workhouse because his father was in prison for debts. In 1833, he published SKETCHES of Victorian life and society for newspapers under the pseudonym of BOZ. But his fantastic literary career, started in 1836 when his first novel, THE PICKWICK PAPERS, was published in installments. Theme and style: Most novels by Charles Dickens end with good prevailing over evil and have a didactic aim. The important qualities are: gratitude, honesty and hard work. In his work, he revealing the darkest side of Victorian society, focus on the vices and virtues of the middle classes. Dickens often found inspiration in his own life experience. In fact, later, n his carrier, he wrote more SOMBRE works to strongly condemn Victorian society. His novels offered a high degree of SUSPANCE, which was also a way to encourage readers to buy the next number of the periodical in which they published in serial form. He often use an ironic tone while criticising social injustice and inequalities. His description of setting and character are detailed, but at the same time, he use imagination. His novels can be considered novel of formation or coming-of-age novel because he depicted the difficult paths of the protagonist, usually an innocent orphans who grow up both physically and psychologic for the whole story providing a moralizing aim but whose good conduct is rewarded with a HAPPY ENDING. The name of his characters are very significant, unique and memorable because describe they physical features. OLIVER TWIST Is an orphan who grows up in a workhouse after his mother died in childbirth. One day Oliver was expelled from the workhouse, because he asked more food for himself and for other hungry boys but it was sold for £5 to Mr Sowerberry, for a mourner at funerals. One night he runs away to London because Sowerberry's wife and another appendice turn his life into a nightmare. In London, Oliver falls into the hand of Fagin, a boss of a gang of pickpockets but Mr Brownlow, an honest and respectable man, saved him. Then Oliver was obliged to take part in a burglary, but was shot by the servant of the house. He is then taken care by the owners of the house. Finally Mr Brownlow adopt him and discovers that the boy is the son of a wealthy man who had an affair whit Oliver's mother. Characters: Oliver: the emblem of good and innocence, he didn't lose hope in a better future. Fagin is the symbol of evil, he exploit orphans and poor children. Bumble is another side of evil. (One of the people that run the workhouses) Mr Brownlow: he is well-educated, he is the emblem of true respectability in a society. Themes: The main themes of the book are the hypocrisies and the injustices of the Victorian Age, the crime in London, the hope that Dickens shows in this gloomy world whit an happy ending, and in the end, the theme of destiny. Style: The story is told by a third-person, omniscient narrator with Oliver perspective. There are also part of the novel with a first person narrator who is not the charter in the story but is still an external narrator who addressed the reader directly. HARD TIMES: This novel is set in a fictional town, called Coketown. This place is cold and depressed, one of its citizens is Thomas Gradgrind, a teacher. He has got a close type of thinking and refuse all form of imagination. Thomas decide to adopt Cecilia a very sensitive girl. After some years when the woman break up with Thomas' friend because she was unhappy with him. Thomas had force her for the marriage. After this Thomas realised that his educational theories were wrong and understands that attitude to life has been too materialistic. COLONIAL EXPANSION The Acton of government was condizionated by the Britain's dominion in Africa, by his presence in Australia and New Zealand and in Canada since 1867. Queen Victoria became Empress of India in 1877. AMERICAN CIVIL WAR The British were far more concerned whit the American Civil War and the effect this has on industry, which imported five times more cotton from the United States than from India. Businessmen, took the side of the South whereas British were in favour whit the North. The war broke out in 1861 when 11 southern states abandoned the Union and formed the CONFEDERATION. In 1865, Abraham Lincoln, who had been president since 1860, was assassinated. In the same year, the Congress approved the abolished slavery. Immigration played a notable role, changing the composition of the population and creating a social and cultural model based on the 'melting pot'

Inglese /

Victorian Age

Victorian Age

A

Aurora Sabattini

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Inglese

 

5ªl

Appunto

Victorian Age

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 QUEEN VICTORIA'S REIGN
Queen Victoria became queen at the age of 18 and reigned for 63 years, from 1837 to 1901. In 1840
she married her co

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Fantastico, imparerò da questo appunto oggi. Saluti 👍👍

Victorian Age, Charles Dickens and Oliver Twist

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QUEEN VICTORIA'S REIGN Queen Victoria became queen at the age of 18 and reigned for 63 years, from 1837 to 1901. In 1840 she married her cousins, Prince Albert that influenced her with Whing simpaties (conservator). Some critics believe that the victorian age start in 1832 whit the Reform Act or Bill that is an act of Parliament in which the Parliament has given more power to the House of Commons and had taken to the House of Lords. Rotten boroughs: periferies inabitates because people are moved in the city to research a job. The main reasons: rapid industrial growth and the impoverishment of people in the countryside (rotten boroughs), that oblige people to move in search of work. In the urban landscape where there are a lot of factories, the workers lived in conditions of poverty; on the other hand in the central areas the wealth accumulated by the middle class. demographic development. Then the commonwealth, more of English and Welsh population increase while many Irish people died of a Great Famine. The great famine or hunger was a disease which affected the potato crop so ther'isnt food and it is because of bad governance that a 1 million people died of hunger. The machines were the symbol of industry and economic development, the...

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Didascalia alternativa:

machine inside factories raising productivity, and chance the practices. The train was the machine that struck the imagination of the Victorian era. The period under Victorian government was a controversial period. (with contraddiction) England became the richest and most powerful country in the world, seen as progressive and modern by the rest of the world (until 1GM->USA) On the other hand child labour, prostitution and crime were widespread: Children work 14-16 hours a day The working masses lived in SLUMS with no running water, sewers, where mortality rate was still very high Where children were exploited in factories, mines and chimney sweepers, whereas orphaned children lived in WORKHOUSES because in 1834, with the POOR LAW ACT, children are turned away from the street to try save them, but actually the people bring the child in the workhouses. That was a charitable institution in which the children were separated from the rest of their families (if they had any) and they had to work for a long time and were given very little food in return). Women were considered the "ANGELS IN THE HOUSE" (they had to stay at home and care for their husbands and their children) [-> conservator]. But, at the same time, rose "THE SUFFRAGETTE MOVEMENT" that was the first feminist movement. The most important valve became RESPECTABILITY whereas Victorian society was characterized by a DUALITY, which is represented in most work of the time. In 1846 there was the abolition of the CORN LAW, a protectionist legislation which imposed heavy taxation on imported goods, thus favouring the great landowners. CHARTIST MOVEMENT: it was formed in 1838, it took its name for the People' Charter which requested his abolition of property righs (eligible even without a propriety) universal suffrage for all men over 21 years old a secret ballot a salary for the House of Commons (members of parliament) annual general elections The movement disbanded in 1848, but some years later, in 1871, the working class found a gradual representation through the TRADE UNIONS which in 1893 culminated in the foundation of the INDIPENDENT LABOUR PARTY. The traditional parties changed name: The TORIES became the CONSERVATIVE PARTY whereas The WHIGS became the LIBERAL PARTY The IRISH QUESTIONS consist in the request by the Irish to be indipendent from Great Britain. This is why IRA was born, which support the "Sinn Féin”, an Irish nationalist party with terrorist methods. AGE OF NOVEL The cost of books, made it impossible for the lower classes to buy them. The libraries were only for middle classes. Charles Dickens was the first to publicate his novel in INSTALMENTS in the newspaper, for the poor people. The advantanges in both the actors and the pubblic. On the one and, reading novel became accessible to a wider public since the cost of newspaper was lower than that of books. On the other hand this practice create the meccanism of suspense and, once the novel became popular, the autors could public the book in a format more cheeper. The fight against literacy was the perfect opportunity to transform the society and encourage reading. The NOVEL was the genre of Victorian age, and that analysed and criticised reality. The novel became a means by which it was possible to escape from a reality. Social novel: this type of novel criticism the government, abuse of workers and the working conditions of the poorest; to promote the change. Fantastic novel: It was a preview to psychoanalysis, a representation of the crisis, morality and immorality, good and evil. Imperialist novel: This type of novel narrating and celebrating the imperial greatness and a civilising role of Great Britain. Woman writers: the main focuses of the feminist woman was the woman desire of the social, if he main the woman can be considered the "angels in the house", as a consequence they didn't have any political and social rights. Some woman began to write novels even though, mail pseudonyms. In fact, the protagonist became the woman themself, endowed with a psychological and intimate insight. So victorian realism could not avoid the woman's rule in the world. Many woman authors had to hide their female identity and in these novels they represent the desire for social and sexual emancipation. For example Mary Wollstonecraft that was the Mary Shelley's mother. CHARLES DICKENS Was born in Portsmouth in 1812, in a middle class family. At the age of 12, he was forced to leave school and work in a workhouse because his father was in prison for debts. In 1833, he published SKETCHES of Victorian life and society for newspapers under the pseudonym of BOZ. But his fantastic literary career, started in 1836 when his first novel, THE PICKWICK PAPERS, was published in installments. Theme and style: Most novels by Charles Dickens end with good prevailing over evil and have a didactic aim. The important qualities are: gratitude, honesty and hard work. In his work, he revealing the darkest side of Victorian society, focus on the vices and virtues of the middle classes. Dickens often found inspiration in his own life experience. In fact, later, n his carrier, he wrote more SOMBRE works to strongly condemn Victorian society. His novels offered a high degree of SUSPANCE, which was also a way to encourage readers to buy the next number of the periodical in which they published in serial form. He often use an ironic tone while criticising social injustice and inequalities. His description of setting and character are detailed, but at the same time, he use imagination. His novels can be considered novel of formation or coming-of-age novel because he depicted the difficult paths of the protagonist, usually an innocent orphans who grow up both physically and psychologic for the whole story providing a moralizing aim but whose good conduct is rewarded with a HAPPY ENDING. The name of his characters are very significant, unique and memorable because describe they physical features. OLIVER TWIST Is an orphan who grows up in a workhouse after his mother died in childbirth. One day Oliver was expelled from the workhouse, because he asked more food for himself and for other hungry boys but it was sold for £5 to Mr Sowerberry, for a mourner at funerals. One night he runs away to London because Sowerberry's wife and another appendice turn his life into a nightmare. In London, Oliver falls into the hand of Fagin, a boss of a gang of pickpockets but Mr Brownlow, an honest and respectable man, saved him. Then Oliver was obliged to take part in a burglary, but was shot by the servant of the house. He is then taken care by the owners of the house. Finally Mr Brownlow adopt him and discovers that the boy is the son of a wealthy man who had an affair whit Oliver's mother. Characters: Oliver: the emblem of good and innocence, he didn't lose hope in a better future. Fagin is the symbol of evil, he exploit orphans and poor children. Bumble is another side of evil. (One of the people that run the workhouses) Mr Brownlow: he is well-educated, he is the emblem of true respectability in a society. Themes: The main themes of the book are the hypocrisies and the injustices of the Victorian Age, the crime in London, the hope that Dickens shows in this gloomy world whit an happy ending, and in the end, the theme of destiny. Style: The story is told by a third-person, omniscient narrator with Oliver perspective. There are also part of the novel with a first person narrator who is not the charter in the story but is still an external narrator who addressed the reader directly. HARD TIMES: This novel is set in a fictional town, called Coketown. This place is cold and depressed, one of its citizens is Thomas Gradgrind, a teacher. He has got a close type of thinking and refuse all form of imagination. Thomas decide to adopt Cecilia a very sensitive girl. After some years when the woman break up with Thomas' friend because she was unhappy with him. Thomas had force her for the marriage. After this Thomas realised that his educational theories were wrong and understands that attitude to life has been too materialistic. COLONIAL EXPANSION The Acton of government was condizionated by the Britain's dominion in Africa, by his presence in Australia and New Zealand and in Canada since 1867. Queen Victoria became Empress of India in 1877. AMERICAN CIVIL WAR The British were far more concerned whit the American Civil War and the effect this has on industry, which imported five times more cotton from the United States than from India. Businessmen, took the side of the South whereas British were in favour whit the North. The war broke out in 1861 when 11 southern states abandoned the Union and formed the CONFEDERATION. In 1865, Abraham Lincoln, who had been president since 1860, was assassinated. In the same year, the Congress approved the abolished slavery. Immigration played a notable role, changing the composition of the population and creating a social and cultural model based on the 'melting pot'